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       sgp_dd [OPTION]...


       Copy  data  to  and  from  Linux SCSI generic (sg) and raw
       devices.  Similar syntax and semantics to dd(1)  but  does
       not   perform  any  conversions.  Uses  POSIX  threads  to
       increase the amount of parallelism. This improves speed in
       some cases.

              each  IO transaction will be made using this number
              of blocks (or less  if  near  the  end  of  count).
              Default is 128.

              this must be the block size of the physical device.
              Note that this differs  from  dd(1)  which  permits
              "bs"  to  be  an  integral multiple. Default is 512
              which is usually correct for  disks  but  incorrect
              for  cdroms (which normally have 2048 byte blocks).
              cdbsz=6 | 10 | 12 | 16 size  of  SCSI  READ  and/or
              WRITE  commands issued on sg device names.  Default
              is 10 byte SCSI command blocks

       coe=0 | 1
              continue on error is 0 (off) by default. When it is
              1  read  errors  are stepped over (with a block (or
              blocks) of zeroes  being  output).   When  1  write
              errors are ignored (and alignment is maintained)

              copy this number of blocks. Default is minimum num­
              ber that sg devices return from READ  CAPACITY  (if
              that works) or 0

              outputs  debug  information.  If NUM is 0 (default)
              then none and as NUM increases so does  the  amount
              of debug (max debug output when NUM is 9)

       dio=0 | 1
              default  is 0 which selects indirect IO. Value of 1
              attempts direct IO which, if not  available,  falls
              back  to  indirect IO and notes this at completion.
              If     direct     IO      is      selected      and
              /proc/scsi/sg/allow_dio  has  the value of 0 then a
              warning is issued (and indirect IO is performed)

       fua=0 | 1 | 2 | 3
              force unit access bit. When 3, fua is set  on  both
              "if"  and "of", when 2, fua is set on "if", when 1,

              write to FILE instead of stdout. A file name  of  -
              is  taken  to be stdout.  If FILE is /dev/null then
              no actual  writes  are  performed.  If  FILE  is  .
              (period)  then  it  is  treated  the  same  way  as
              /dev/null (this is a shorthand notation)

              skip BLOCKS bs-sized blocks at start of output

              skip BLOCKS bs-sized blocks at start of input

       sync=0 | 1
              when 1, does SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command on  "of"  at
              the  end of the transfer.  Only active when "of" is
              a sg device file name

              this is the number or worker  threads  (default  4)
              that  attempt to copy in parallel. Minimum is 0 and
              maximum is 16

       time=0 | 1
              when 1, times transfer and does throughput calcula­
              tion, outputting the results (to stderr) at comple­
              tion. When 0 (default) doesn't perform timing

              outputs version number information and exits

       A raw device must be bound to  a  block  device  prior  to
       using sgp_dd.  See raw(8) for more information about bind­
       ing raw devices. To be safe, the sg device mapping to SCSI
       block devices should be checked with "cat /proc/scsi/scsi"
       before use.

       The count is only deduced for sg devices (minimum >  0  if
       both  input  and  output  are  sg  devices)  otherwise  it
       defaults to 0. This is for safety!  Raw  device  partition
       information  can  often  be found with fdisk(8) [the "-ul"
       argument is useful in this respect].

       BYTES and BLOCKS may be followed by the  following  multi­
       plicative  suffixes: c C *1; b B *512; k *1,024; K *1,000;
       m  *1,048,576;  M  *1,000,000;  g  *1,073,741,824;  and  G

       Data  usually gets to the user space in a 2 stage process:
       first the SCSI adapter DMAs into kernel buffers  and  then
       the  sg  driver  copies  this data into user memory (write
       block device caches which has a negative impact  on  other
       machine activity.


       Looks quite similar in usage to dd:

          sgp_dd if=/dev/sg0 of=t bs=512 count=1M

       This  will  copy 1 million 512 byte blocks from the device
       associated with  /dev/sg0  (which  should  have  512  byte
       blocks)  to  a  file  called  t.   Assuming  /dev/sda  and
       /dev/sg0 are the same device then the above is  equivalent

          dd if=/dev/sda of=t bs=512 count=1000000

       although dd's speed may improve if bs was larger and count
       was suitably reduced. Using a raw device to  do  something
       similar on a IDE disk:

          raw /dev/raw/raw1 /dev/hda
          sgp_dd if=/dev/raw/raw1 of=t bs=512 count=1M

       To copy a SCSI disk partition to an IDE disk partition:

          raw /dev/raw/raw2 /dev/hda3
          sgp_dd   if=/dev/sg0   skip=10123456   of=/dev/raw/raw2

       This assumes a valid partition is found on the  SCSI  disk
       at  the  given  skip block address (past the 5 GB point of
       that disk) and that the partition goes to the end  of  the
       SCSI disk. An explicit count is probably a safer option.

       To  do  a fast copy from one SCSI disk to another one with
       similar geometry  (stepping  over  errors  on  the  source

          sgp_dd if=/dev/sg0 of=/dev/sg1 bs=512 coe=1


       Written by Doug Gilbert and Peter Allworth.


       Report bugs to <dgilbert@interlog.com>.


       Copyright © 2000-2002 Douglas Gilbert
       This  software  is  distributed  under  the GPL version 2.
       There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FIT­




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