Welcome to Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial
"The place where you learn linux"
PHP Web Host - Quality Web Hosting For All PHP Applications

 Create an AccountHome | Submit News | Your Account  

Tutorial Menu
Linux Tutorial Home
Table of Contents

· Introduction to Operating Systems
· Linux Basics
· Working with the System
· Shells and Utilities
· Editing Files
· Basic Administration
· The Operating System
· The X Windowing System
· The Computer Itself
· Networking
· System Monitoring
· Solving Problems
· Security
· Installing and Upgrading
· Linux and Windows

Glossary
MoreInfo
Man Pages
Linux Topics
Test Your Knowledge

Site Menu
Site Map
FAQ
Copyright Info
Terms of Use
Privacy Info
Disclaimer
WorkBoard
Thanks
Donations
Advertising
Masthead / Impressum
Your Account

Communication
Feedback
Forums
Private Messages
Surveys

Features
HOWTOs
News Archive
Submit News
Topics
User Articles
Web Links

Google
Google


The Web
linux-tutorial.info

Who's Online
There are currently, 178 guest(s) and 0 member(s) that are online.

You are an Anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here

  

ls



SYNOPSIS

       ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...


DESCRIPTION

       List information about the FILEs (the current directory by
       default).  Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuSUX
       nor --sort.

       Mandatory  arguments  to  long  options  are mandatory for
       short options too.

       -a, --all
              do not hide entries starting with .

       -A, --almost-all
              do not list implied . and ..

       --author
              print the author of each file

       -b, --escape
              print octal escapes for nongraphic characters

       --block-size=SIZE
              use SIZE-byte blocks

       -B, --ignore-backups
              do not list implied entries ending with ~

       -c     with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime  (time  of  last
              modification  of  file status information) with -l:
              show ctime and sort  by  name  otherwise:  sort  by
              ctime

       -C     list entries by columns

       --color[=WHEN]
              control  whether  color is used to distinguish file
              types.  WHEN may be `never', `always', or `auto'

       -d, --directory
              list directory entries instead of contents, and  do
              not dereference symbolic links

       -D, --dired
              generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode

       -f     do not sort, enable -aU, disable -lst

       -F, --classify
              append indicator (one of */=@|) to entries

              2G)

       --si   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -H, --dereference-command-line
              follow symbolic links listed on the command line

       --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
              follow each command line symbolic link

              that points to a directory

       --indicator-style=WORD append indicator with style WORD to
       entry names:
              none (default), classify (-F), file-type (-p)

       -i, --inode
              print index number of each file

       -I, --ignore=PATTERN
              do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       -k     like --block-size=1K

       -l     use a long listing format

       -L, --dereference
              when  showing file information for a symbolic link,
              show information for the file the  link  references
              rather than for the link itself

       -m     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
              like -l, but list numeric UIDs and GIDs

       -N, --literal
              print  raw  entry  names  (don't treat e.g. control
              characters specially)

       -o     like -l, but do not list group information

       -p, --file-type
              append indicator (one of /=@|) to entries

       -q, --hide-control-chars
              print ? instead of non graphic characters

       --show-control-chars
              show non graphic characters as-is  (default  unless
              program is `ls' and output is a terminal)

              print size of each file, in blocks

       -S     sort by file size

       --sort=WORD
              extension -X, none -U, size -S, time -t, version -v

              status -c, time -t, atime -u, access -u, use -u

       --time=WORD
              show  time  as  WORD  instead of modification time:
              atime, access, use, ctime or status; use  specified
              time as sort key if --sort=time

       --time-style=STYLE
              show  times  using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso,
              iso, locale, +FORMAT

              FORMAT is interpreted like  `date';  if  FORMAT  is
              FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2,  FORMAT1  applies  to non-
              recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files; if  STYLE
              is  prefixed with `posix-', STYLE takes effect only
              outside the POSIX locale

       -t     sort by modification time

       -T, --tabsize=COLS
              assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       -u     with -lt: sort by, and show, access time  with  -l:
              show  access  time and sort by name otherwise: sort
              by access time

       -U     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       -v     sort by version

       -w, --width=COLS
              assume screen width instead of current value

       -x     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       -X     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       -1     list one file per line

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed  by)
       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.


COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This  is  free software; see the source for copying condi­
       tions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY
       or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


SEE ALSO

       The  full  documentation for ls is maintained as a Texinfo
       manual.   If  the  info  and  ls  programs  are   properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info ls

       should give you access to the complete manual.

ls (coreutils) 5.0          March 2003                      LS(1)
  




Login
Nickname

Password

Security Code
Security Code
Type Security Code


Don't have an account yet? You can create one. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name.

Help if you can!


Amazon Wish List

Did You Know?
You can help in many different ways.


Friends



Tell a Friend About Us

Bookmark and Share



Web site powered by PHP-Nuke

Is this information useful? At the very least you can help by spreading the word to your favorite newsgroups, mailing lists and forums.
All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters. Articles are the property of their respective owners. Unless otherwise stated in the body of the article, article content (C) 1994-2013 by James Mohr. All rights reserved. The stylized page/paper, as well as the terms "The Linux Tutorial", "The Linux Server Tutorial", "The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial" and "The place where you learn Linux" are service marks of James Mohr. All rights reserved.
The Linux Knowledge Base and Tutorial may contain links to sites on the Internet, which are owned and operated by third parties. The Linux Tutorial is not responsible for the content of any such third-party site. By viewing/utilizing this web site, you have agreed to our disclaimer, terms of use and privacy policy. Use of automated download software ("harvesters") such as wget, httrack, etc. causes the site to quickly exceed its bandwidth limitation and are therefore expressly prohibited. For more details on this, take a look here

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2004 by Francisco Burzi. This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL. PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.
Page Generation: 0.04 Seconds